How cold is too cold to walk your dog?
The answer varies, it depends on your dog! Your dog’s age, breed, size and health are all factors in determining how sensitive they are to cold weather.
Some breeds, like Huskies, Samoyeds or St. Bernards have heavy double coats and can tolerate colder temperatures—as opposed to breeds like Dachshunds, French Bulldogs or Boston Terriers who have short, thin coats.
Small dogs, like Yorkshire Terriers, Chihuahuas, or Pugs, and thin dogs like Whippets, Greyhounds, and Coonhounds, are more sensitive to cold weather than bigger, heftier pups.
Age and Health
Keep in mind that your dog’s health and/or age can affect their ability to regulate body temperature. Both senior dogs and puppies have a higher risk of hypothermia and frostbite. Dogs with any number of health issues such as diabetes, arthritis or kidney problems are also more vulnerable to cold—and this applies to cold-weather dog breeds as well.
Other factors to consider
If it’s snowing, your dog’s coat may become wet and lower their body temperature. Dogs without much hair on their bellies get cold faster, especially if walking or playing in snow.
Wind lowers the feel of the actual temperature outside. Always use the wind chill temperature when determining if it’s too cold to take your dog for a walk.
Most healthy medium or large dogs with thick coats can take a 30-minute walk when temperatures are above 20°F. Small dogs or dogs with thin coats start to become uncomfortable in temperatures below 45°F. Consider limiting walks to 15 minutes for these dogs when temps fall below freezing.
Signs Your Dog is Too Cold
Regardless of breed, size, or age, your pup may indicate they are too cold or uncomfortable. Watch for these signs:
- Shaking or shivering
- Lifting or licking paws
- Tucked tail
- Slowing down/walking stiffly
- Shallow breathing
If it’s too cold for you to tolerate being outside wearing a winter coat and hat, it’s probably too cold for your dog as well. In extreme cold, limit walks to bathroom breaks and make up for it with some indoor exercise (like tug-of-war) and enrichment activities.
Tips for Walking Your Dog on a Cold Day
Keep these tips in mind on frigid days to avoid potential cold-weather hazards for dogs when you’re trying to decide when it’s too cold to walk your dog.
- Keep walks short when temps are below freezing.
- Try to take ‘exercise walks’ during the warmest part of day, and limit morning/evening outings to relief walks.
- When it’s too cold for a long walk, play with your dog indoors first as a warm-up, then head outside to let them do their business.
- For dogs with thin coats, a coat or sweater will give them added protection and warmth.
- Boots will protect your pup’s paws when it’s icy, and also protects them from de-icers and salt which can damage their paws.
- Ask your groomer to trim hair growing between your dog’s paw pads, so it doesn’t collect ice and salt.
- After a walk, wipe off your dog’s paws with a warm washcloth to remove salt and de-icer chemicals. You can also use dog paw balm to protect and soothe paw pads.
- Use a leash or collar light to help your dog be more visible to drivers—super helpful when it’s dark and there are snowbanks.
- Winter weather can aggravate arthritis, so if your dog has joint pain modify your walk routine accordingly.
- Use conditioner when bathing your dog to replace essential oils removed by shampooing. This helps avoid dry, flaky winter skin.
- Don’t let your dog eat snow – it can be bad for them (especially snow near treated walkways/roads).
Do Dogs Need More Food in Cold Weather?
Possibly. Be aware of your dog’s weight and activity level in winter. It takes more energy to maintain body temperature in cold weather, so if your snow-loving dog spends extra time playing outside, they may need more calories. If your dog tends to get less exercise in winter, you may need to cut back a little. Either way, make sure your dog stays hydrated. Proper hydration is important for immune function, and also helps prevent dry skin and hypothermia.Learn more about foods that hydrate dogs, or explore raw and natural dog foods that provide complete nutrition year round.